Son(s) of God)
(a brief overview)
The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem reportedly has the following inscription, expressing ONE of the tenets of Islam that distinguishes it from Christian belief:
“God is only One God. Far be it removed from His transcendent majesty that He should have a son”.
That statement is a clear attempt to distance Islam from Christianity, and it’s surely no coincidence that other inscriptions near to it focus on the persons of Jesus and His mother Mary.*
The identity of Jesus as the Son of God is central to the Christian faith and Jesus regularly identified God as His Father. That relationship was continually disputed by enemies throughout His life on earth.
The gospels give an account of how Satan challenged the Sonship of Jesus. The recorded temptations in the wilderness were centred on it, as he tried to tempt Jesus to prove He was the Son of God.
“Now when the tempter came to Him, he said, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
“Then he brought Him to Jerusalem, set Him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here.”
Religious authorities were determined to kill Him because of His claim to be God’s Son, considering it to be blasphemy.
“We have a law, and according to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.”
But many who heard his teaching and experienced His miracles readily recognised Him as Son of God.
“Yes, Lord, I believe that You are the Christ, the Son of God, who is to come into the world.”
When crucified He was mocked by the crowds because of the claim He was the Son of God.
“saying, “You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.”
“He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now if He will have Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’
But not everyone mocked, even a Roman Centurion witnessing the crucifixion recognised Jesus as the Son of God.
So when the centurion, who stood opposite Him, saw that He cried out like this and breathed His last, he said,
“Truly this Man was the Son of God!”
After His resurrection His disciples recognised and preached that He was the Son of God.
Immediately he preached the Christ in the synagogues, that He is the Son of God.
For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us—by me, Silvanus, and Timothy
He who believes in the Son of God has the witness in himself; he who does not believe God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed the testimony that God has given of His Son.
These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.
And most significantly, God Himself confirmed the Sonship of Jesus.
And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”
While he was still speaking, a bright cloud covered them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!”
It is also important that the question of whether God could have a Son goes beyond His relationship to Jesus.
The Bible describes Adam as “son of God” within one of the lists of Jesus’s ancestors.
the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.
Scripture also refers to others who are considered as sons of God:
“Blessed are the peacemakers, For they shall be called sons of God.”
For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
There is also the promise that followers of Jesus are adopted as sons.
“you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba, Father.”
“adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will”
And that last quote (“according to the good pleasure of His will”) perhaps gives the most significant rebuttal to the claim that having a son would somehow reduce God’s “transcendent majesty”; as if God could be reduced in some way by the fact of being Father.
Does God Himself not have the right to make that choice? Is it not up to God Himself what He can or cannot do and what He can or cannot be?
For any man to say God cannot have a Son, that man is in fact limiting God, enforcing some kind of restriction on God’s own right to choose and act and BE according to the good pleasure of God’s own will.
That man is making himself the limiter of God.
See “INSCRIPTIONS ON THE INNER OCTAGONAL ARCADE”